Cancer research 101

The information in this section will explain the different types of research that are being conducted and has been reproduced with the kind permission of Cancer Council New South Wales.



Basic research

Basic research seeks to understand the biology of cancer and the fundamental mechanisms by which cancers arise.

Behavioural research

Behavioural research looks at how our behaviour can affect our chances of getting cancer.

Clinical research

Clinical research is about people – patients, former patients, and people who are well.

Clinical trials

Clinical trials are a research study that tests new and better ways of improving health in people.

Epidemiological research

Epidemiology deals with the occurrence, distribution, and control of disease in a population.

Health services

Health services research examines the quality of health care in the real world...


Pharmacogenomics is the field of understanding how an individual’s genetic inheritance affects the body’s response to drugs.


Psychosocial research looks at the psychological and social impact that cancer has on the person with cancer...


A main aim of translational research is to take knowledge obtained from basic research and transform it...